What Is Indonesian?

Indonesia is a country located in Southeast Asia, comprising of thousands of islands. It is the fourth most populous country in the world, with over 270 million people, and the largest Muslim-majority country.

The Indonesian language, also known as Bahasa Indonesia, is the official language of the country. It is a standardized form of Malay, with influences from Dutch, Portuguese, and other languages.

History of Indonesian Language

The Indonesian language has a rich history, dating back to the 7th century when the Old Malay language was used in the Srivijayan Empire. In the 13th century, the language was used in the Majapahit Empire and continued to develop over the centuries.

During the Dutch colonial era, the language was influenced by Dutch and became known as “Melayu Pasar” or “market Malay”. After Indonesia gained independence in 1945, efforts were made to standardize the language to create a national identity, hence the birth of Bahasa Indonesia.

Unique Features of Indonesian Language

The Indonesian language has some unique features that make it interesting to learn. One of the most noticeable features is the absence of verb conjugations based on tense or subject. Instead, time is indicated through the use of time markers.

The language also uses a simple sentence structure, with the subject-verb-object sequence. Adjectives are placed after the noun, and there are no gender distinctions in the language.

Indonesian Culture

Indonesia is a diverse country with over 300 ethnic groups. The culture of Indonesia is a blend of indigenous customs, Hindu and Buddhist influences, and Islamic traditions.

One of the most famous aspects of Indonesian culture is its cuisine, which is known for its rich flavors and use of spices. Some of the most popular dishes include nasi goreng, satay, and rendang.

The country is also known for its traditional dance and music, such as the gamelan, a traditional Javanese orchestra. Batik, a traditional fabric with intricate designs, is also a significant aspect of Indonesian culture.


In conclusion, Indonesian is a rich and fascinating language with a unique history and features. It is the official language of Indonesia and is spoken by millions of people all over the world. Indonesia’s diverse culture is also something to be admired and celebrated.